Causes and Consequences of Economic and Social Inequality

Public investment in health, fair labour practices, education and social welfare impacts the quality of life and well being of the working poor living in North American urban centres. Visible minority immigrants are especially vulnerable to experiences of material hardship and economic and social insecurity as a result of changing economic and policy environments.


In this Knowledge Hub, you will find research investigating how economic, social and health outcomes are mitigated by social policies and the broader institutional and structural forces that influence their implementation.


Learn about the different challenges facing high poverty immigrant youth and policy recommendations that could improve their learning and social opportunities. You can also find research that analyses how structural factors shape the contexts and experiences of reception for visible minority immigrants new to Canadian cities.


Consider how employment trends in the health sector – including outsourcing and disinvestment – and other health policies impact low wage service work and can result in increased health risks for workers and patients.  This site also allows you to learn from ongoing comparative research shedding new light on how differences in social and urban planning policy shape urban poverty trends and dynamics in West Coast North American cities.


Research innovation is required to illuminate and address the causes and consequences of urban poverty and social inequality. In this site, research innovation means drawing complex analytical and empirical connections between political, economic, social and health processes and outcomes to effect policy change.